What does the Bible say about dinosaurs?

The presence of dinosaurs in the Bible fuels discussions among Christians regarding the earth’s age, Genesis interpretation, and reconciling biblical narratives with scientific findings. The divergence stems from contrasting views on earth’s age, influencing interpretations of biblical references.

Perspectives on Dinosaurs’ Existence in Scripture

Old-earth Advocates: Those favoring an older earth posit that the absence of direct references to dinosaurs in the Bible is consistent with their extinction before humanity’s emergence. They argue that biblical authors, distant from the dinosaur era, wouldn’t have firsthand knowledge.

Young-earth Advocates: Conversely, proponents of a younger earth assert the Bible does allude to dinosaurs using Hebrew terms like “tanniyn,” variously translated as “sea monster,” “serpent,” or “dragon” (Psalm 74:13; Isaiah 27:1; Jeremiah 51:34). This aligns with the King James Version rendering it as “dragon.” These creatures, mentioned extensively in the Old Testament, inhabited both land and water.

Biblical Descriptions of Prehistoric Creatures

The biblical narrative includes descriptions of formidable creatures like the Leviathan and Behemoth. Leviathan, mentioned in Job 41 and Psalm 104:26, symbolizes a mighty sea creature, unassailable by conventional means. Job describes Behemoth, depicting it as a colossal herbivore dwelling by water bodies, adorned with powerful limbs and a tail akin to a cedar tree (Job 40:15-24).

Comparisons to Known Animals and Cultural Depictions

Scholars debate whether Behemoth represents known animals like elephants or hippopotamuses. However, their anatomical disparities from the biblical description, particularly regarding tail size, suggest otherwise. Some argue that dinosaurs like Brachiosaurus or Apatosaurus better fit the Behemoth’s depiction.

Numerous ancient civilizations depicted giant reptilian creatures in their art. Petroglyphs, clay figurines, and rock carvings resembling dinosaurs have been discovered worldwide. Accounts by historical figures like Marco Polo further contribute to the discourse, describing encounters with formidable creatures in distant lands.

Theological Implications and Unresolved Questions

Determining the presence of dinosaurs in biblical narratives hinges on interpreting available evidence. Literal interpretations of Genesis suggest coexistence between dinosaurs and humans. However, the Bible remains silent on dinosaurs’ fate post-Flood.


The debate surrounding dinosaurs in the Bible underscores theological and scientific intersections. While interpretations vary, the discussion fosters a deeper understanding of biblical texts and their relation to natural history.

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